The TerritoryThe "Patata della Sila" (Sila potato) production zone includes the following municipalities only: Acri, Aprigliano, Bocchigliero, Celico, Colosimi, Longobucco, Parenti, Pedace, Rogliano, San Giovanni in Fiore, Serra Pedace, Spezzano della Sila, Spezzano Piccolo in the province of Cosenza and the towns of Albi, Carlopoli, Cicala, Conflenti, Decollatura, Magisano, Martirano, Martirano Lombardo, Motta S.Lucia, Serrastretta, Sorbo San Basile, Soveria Mannelli, Taverna in the province of Catanzaro. These municipalities define and naturally surround the Sila Plateau, where the nature of the land and the climatic conditions allow the tubers to obtain a slow and steady growth and the plants to obtain an optimum ripening.
The Sila Plateau is one of the most beautiful and evocative plateaus in Italy. It is located in the heart of Calabria straddling three provinces: Cosenza, Catanzaro and Crotone. More than words, there are the galleries of images in our homepage to describe the beauty of an unspoiled place reminiscent of Nordic landscapes at much higher latitudes.
Sila covers 1,700 square kilometers. It is a plateau with an average altitude of more than 1,300 meters above sea level. It presents a crown of mountains whose highest peak, Monte Botte Donato, reaches 1,928 meters. Sila is covered by a huge forest consisting mainly of beech and coniferous trees. Its territory is rich in water resources which have led to the creation of artificial lakes that are perfectly integrated in the already enchanting natural setting of this place making it more attractive. The Sila territory, made up of a granite-crystalline massive, is bordered to the west by the Crati valley, to the north by the plain of Sibari, on the east by the hills of Marchesato and to the south by the plain of Lamezia.
The territory is commonly divided into Sila Grande, Sila Greca and Sila Piccola . These names do not have a precise morphological meaning but reflect the administrative divisions inherited from the past. The two distinct areas that currently make up the park differ for different vegetation, a reflection of a different average altitude. The area of Sila Grande, the central part of which corresponds with the area of Fossiata, flows largely in the range of Pino Laricio (Coriscan pine). This plant is the unchallenged master to this area. The area of the park that contains Sila Piccola, in the central part of which is Mount Gariglione, however, flows in the range of beech trees. In large areas, among which are the woods of Monte Gariglione and Macchia dell’Orso, beech trees are mixed with silver fir trees.
In the forests of Mount Gariglione the majestic specimens of silver fir and over 100 year old beech trees grow, in the undergrowth of the beech forests is the Bird's Nest Orchid (Neottia nidus avis), a plant without chlorophyll, which lives, like mushrooms, feeding on rotting roots.
The National Park of Calabria is home to many predators like the badger and martens, as well as the fox and the wolf, although it is difficult to spot them because of their nocturnal habits. The black squirrels are easy to spot and along the nature trails of the park you can meet the deer and venison bred and released into the wild within the protected areas.
The National Park of Calabria, directly managed by the State Forestry Corps, offers a variety of facilities and infrastructure conducive to sightseeing and non-invasive observation of many animals. Two Visitor Centres were created, one in Sila Grande and the other in Sila Piccola.